Essay – Discuss the issue of freewill and determinism and how this issue affects the study of value.

It is EXTREMELY important to view this essay through a biblical lens. Please answer the essay completely with a thesis statement in the first paragraph and a proper conclusion. No citations are necessary.
I am including a helpful outline to be included in the essay as well a link on the subject. If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact me. Again, it is important to have it freewill and determinism viewed through a theological view. Here is the essay, outline, and link.
Essay – Discuss the issue of freewill and determinism and how this issue affects the study of value. You must use the lecture outlines used in this course as you formulate your essay.
Outline – • Compatibilism: Freewill is compatible with determinism
o Science affirms determinism and freewill:
o If determinism (causality) is not true, then there is no need to do science because science is the study of causes.
o If determinism is not true, then there is no need to study what causes (determines) behavior in psychology, psychiatry, as well as theology and philosophy.
o Freewill is why people are free to discuss determinism.
o Without freewill there is no need to discuss determinism.
o Without determinism the discussion of freewill is meaningless.
• Incompatibilism: freewill and determinism is incompatible.
o Fatalism: determinism is true and the freewill is an illusion, (Stoicism)
o Libertarianism: Freewill is true and determinism is an illusion.
 Libertarianism says free acts are undetermined.
 Libertarianism suggests freewill is based in “fortune or “randomness.”
 If our freewill is the product (determined( of “chaos” “fortune” or “randomness,” then our freewill is determined.
 In other words, Libertarianism does not reject determinism.
 Libertarianism dogmatically teaches that “fortune/chaos/randomness determines our will.
 This is what the ancient pagans taught as well as contemporary, secular humanism. Paganism and agnostic humanism teachers several fundamental concepts:
 A personal God did not cause all things.
 The source of everything is an impersonal, unknowable force.
 When we examine the cosmos empirically (our senses and science) in search for the cause of all things, we quickly move to the level of un-observable nature that is beyond our empirical senses.
 If our senses move us beyond the observable cosmos of order, then the cause of all things must be chaos/random/ or fortune.
 If the cause of all things is random or fortune, then order is an illusion and freewill is meaningless
• Observations:
o While freewill and determinism are difficult philosophical issues, the rejection of either freewill or determinism is destructive to the idea of freewill and the scientific method.
o Libertarianism does not reject determinism but rather makes fortune or chaos the determiner.
o If fortune or chaos is the source of our will, then freewill is random and chaotic and therefore an illusion.
o Random and disorderly freedom is an anti-authoritarian freedom.
o Humility in the discussion of freewill and determinism is necessary.
link –
I know this is a lot and I do appreciate all the time and effort you will put in. Thank you in advance.

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